Luke 13:3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. They told him what happened to some people from Galilee. Luke inserts a genealogy between the two stories, perhaps modeling his account after Exodus 6, which inserts a genealogy between Moses’ call and ministry (Craddock, Preaching…, 139). . Luke; Principle #51; Lk. Luke 13:1 There were present at that season some that told him of the Galilaeans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. Luke 4:1-13 EXEGESIS: LUKE 4:1-13. 7 "Then he said to the keeper of his vineyard, 'Look, for three years I have come seeking fruit on this fig tree and find none. Pilate sent some soldiers to kill them. The text can be broken down into two parts: the parable (verses 1–8) and the application (verses 9–13). 27. Also. Luke 13:6-9 The parable of the fig tree that was ordered to be cut down for being fruitless. They answer the question, Are there few that shall be saved? I shall be perfected--I finish my course, I attain completion. He bade His informants look within, and think of their own state before God. vineyard--a spot selected for its fertility, separated from the surrounding fields, and cultivated with special care, with a view solely to fruit. . But, What shall I do, and what will become of me? mingled with their sacrifices. When I was growing up, my father and I hitchhiked to Portland, Oregon, where we hoped to buy a used pickup, cheap. Luke 13:18,19 He likens the progress of the gospel to a grain of mustard seed, Luke 13:20-22 and to leaven. i. This parable in the first place refers to the nation and people of the Jews. He also spoke this parable: "A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it and found none. Matthew Henry’s Bible Commentary (concise), Matthew Henry Bible Commentary (complete), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. There were present at that season. and laid--both at once. 13 and he laid his hands on her. His new job was to “get rid of trouble-makers,” but in a way that would not violate any laws or arouse the anger of the unions. Luke and Acts appear to have been written at about the same time, the gospel of Luke first, then Acts. On these accounts Christ founded a call to repentance. There are some differences in the words of the Lord's prayer in Matthew and in Luke, but they are of no moment. The murder of the Galilæans is an event of which we know nothing certain. From the skills which he had developed in the classroom, he had moved into the world of industry. 26, 27. God will never allow us to be tempted beyond our ability to resist (1 Corinthians 10:13). He would simply be placed alongside a tro… Among the innumerable multitude of people, ( Luke 12:1 ) that were then hearing the above discourses and sayings of Christ: some that told him of the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had. Let us in our requests, both for others and for ourselves, come to our heavenly Father, confiding in his power and goodness. (10-17) The parables of the mustard seed, and leaven. The Application Of Luke 13. It being a woman's work to knead, it seems a refinement to say that "the woman" here represents the Church, as the instrument of depositing the leaven. This time it’s loudly and pointedly. Luke 13:24 "Strive to enter through the narrow door; for many, I tell you, will seek to enter and will not be able. THE LESSON, "REPENT OR PERISH," SUGGESTED BY TWO RECENT INCIDENTS, AND ILLUSTRATED BY THE PARABLE OF THE BARREN FIG TREE. 1-3. cumbereth--not only doing no good, but wasting ground. . And at once she straightened up, and she glorified God. Combined, they make a 2-volume work addressed to “Theophilus” (1:3; Acts 1:1 see Background and Setting), giving a sweeping history of the founding of Christianity, from the birth of Christ to Paul’s imprisonment under house arrest in Rome (Acts 28:30-31). How terrible their punishment will be (Luke 13:28): There shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth, the utmost degree of grief and indignation and that which is the cause of it, and contributes to it, is a sight of the happiness of those that are saved: You shall see the patriarchs and prophets in the kingdom of God, and yourselves thrust out. The greatest of men were accountable to God, therefore it became him to call this proud king by his own name; but it is not an example for us. 14 But the president of the synagogue was indignant because Jesus had healed on the Sabbath, and he addressed all those present saying, 'There are six days when work is to be done. 1 At that time, some people were with Jesus. When God has borne long, we may hope that he will bear with us yet a little longer, but we cannot expect that he will bear always. This tragical story is briefly related here, and is not met with in any historians. But this is to have an end, by the great Master of the house Himself rising and shutting the door, after which there will be no admittance. LUKE 13:6-9. Luke 13. There were present at that season some that told him of the Galileans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices. The message instructed him to pick up a package at an unfamiliar company with a 12-syllable, tongue-twisting name. Christ, in calling Herod a fox, gave him his true character. This parable of the barren fig-tree is intended to enforce the warning given just before: the barren tree, except it brings forth fruit, will be cut down. Lord, Lord--emphatic reduplication, expressive of the earnestness now felt, but too late. He, like my father, was a school teacher, or at least he had been one. Towers, that are built for safety, often prove to be men's destruction. . 3 I tell you, noBut unless you repent, you too will all perish. 1 Now there were some present at that time who told Jesus about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. A Galilean preacher … Continue reading "Commentary on Luke 13:10-17" . On this particular Sabbath, there was a special excitement at the synagogue, where she regularly went to worship. Jesus was hungry, but full of the Spirit. 13:1 Pilate was the head of the Roman government in Jerusalem. Luke 13:6. He said, "But, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish." Luke 13:10-17 Christ healeth a woman that had been long bowed together, and putteth the hypocritical ruler of the synagogue to silence. Repent or Perish. Luke 4:1-13 contains a description of the forty days of temptation Jesus experienced in the wilderness. Jesus was beginning to starve to death. (18-22) Exhortation to enter at the strait gate. Luke 13 (in 140 characters or less). Surely we are not to be denied admittance? 24:13-35; p. 1429 The Living Word: When we study the Scriptures and hear them taught and explained, we should respond with deep feelings of gratitude, especially as they reveal the living Christ. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. After eighteen years, she could hardly remember any other way of seeing the world. Luke 13:3; Luke 13:5. THE TEMPTATION OF JESUS. 16. ought not, &c.--How gloriously the Lord vindicates the superior claims of this woman, in consideration of the sadness and long duration of her suffering, and of her dignity notwithstanding, as an heir of the promise! (1-5) Parable of the barren fig-tree. parable of "the Leaven" sets forth, perhaps, rather the inward growth of the kingdom, while "the Mustard Seed" seems to point chiefly to the outward. The kingdom of the Messiah is the kingdom of God. Luke Chapter 13. “It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden”: Palestinian mustard plants are large shrubs, sometimes up to 15 feet high, certainly large enough for birds to lodge in. . (6-9) The infirm woman strengthened. to-day, to-morrow, the third day--remarkable language expressive of successive steps of His work yet remaining, the calm deliberateness with which He meant to go through with them, one after another, to the last, unmoved by Herod's threat, yet the rapid march with which they were now hastening to completion. Even bodily infirmities, unless very grievous, should not keep us from public worship on sabbath days. Repent or Perish! Luke 13:1-5 . It is good for us to look upon the time we have before us as but little, that we may thereby be quickened to do the work of the day in its day. . May grace grow in our hearts; may our faith and love grow exceedingly, so as to give undoubted evidence of their reality. He was on His way out of Perea, east of Jordan, and in Herod's dominions, "journeying towards Jerusalem" ( Luke 13:22 ). 3 I tell you, Nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all likewise perish. Then Jesus told this parable: “A man had a fig tree that was planted in his vineyard. Strive to enter in at the strait gate. From this it is probable, though not certain, that her protracted infirmity was the effect of some milder form of possession; yet she was "a daughter of Abraham," in the same gracious sense, no doubt, as Zaccheus, after his conversion, was "a son of Abraham" ( Luke 19:9 ). strait gate--another figure of the same. Luke 13:1-9 . The reference here to the impending destruction of Jerusalem is far from exhausting our Lord's weighty words; they manifestly point to a "perdition" of a more awful kind--future, personal, remediless. Like leaven - See this explained, Mat 13:33 (note). Our Lord Jesus attended upon public worship on the sabbaths. Oh that we may be all awakened by them! . Proud member I must go on to Jerusalem." luk 13:21. of This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. (Compare Matthew 21:15 ) [TRENCH]. I treat them in sequence, but we will see that they relate closely to one another. will seek--"desire," that is, with a mere wish or slothful endeavor. “A certain man had a fig tree planted in his vineyard, and he came seeking fruit on it, and found none. See the notes on Luk 9:51, and Luk 12:58 (note), and see the Preface. All Rights Reserved. News of this being brought to our Lord, to draw out His views of such, and whether it was not a judgment of Heaven, He simply points them to the practical view of the matter: "These men are not signal examples of divine vengeance, as ye suppose; but every impenitent sinner--ye yourselves, except ye repent--shall be like monuments of the judgment of Heaven, and in a more awful sense." J.C. Ryle . Salem Media Group. Commentary on Luke 13:10-17 (Read Luke 13:10-17) Our Lord Jesus attended upon public worship on the sabbaths. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. See on the similar passage ( Matthew 7:22 Matthew 7:23 ). Come and be healed on one of those days and not on the Sabbath.' A messenger at a photo lab was leaving a building one day when his beeper went off. This deliverance is often wrought on the Lord's day; and whatever labour tends to put men in the way of receiving the blessing, agrees with the design of that day. Softly and tenderly Jesus is calling? Even bodily infirmities, unless very grievous, should not keep us from public worship on sabbath days. (Compare Luke 22:37 ). and shall not be able--because it must be made a life-and-death struggle. 4, 5. tower in Siloam--probably one of the towers of the city wall, near the pool of Siloam. Luke chapter 13 KJV (King James Version) 1 There were present at that season some that told him of the Galilaeans, whose blood Pilate had mingled with their sacrifices.. 2 And Jesus answering said unto them, Suppose ye that these Galilaeans were sinners above all the Galilaeans, because they suffered such things?. Answer: The Parable of the Unjust Steward can be found in Luke 16:1–13. after that, &c.--The final perdition of such as, after the utmost limits of reasonable forbearance, are found fruitless, will be pre-eminently and confessedly just ( Proverbs 1:24-31 , Ezekiel 24:13 ). The Birth of Jesus and the Beginning of his Work. He went to look for fruit on it, but did not find any. Haunted by guilty fears, probably, Herod wanted to get rid of Him from our Lord's answer, to have sent these Pharisees, under pretense of a friendly hint, to persuade Him that the sooner He got beyond Herod's jurisdiction the better it would be for His own safety. cut it down--indignant language. 7. three years--a long enough trial for a fig tree, and so denoting probably just a sufficient period of culture for spiritual fruit. 12, 13. said . He healed a woman on the Sabbath. Christ exhorts to repentance from the case of the Galileans and others. If we reach heaven, we shall meet many there whom we little thought to meet, and miss many whom we expected to find. Our Lord saw through both of them, and sends the cunning ruler a message couched in dignified and befitting irony. Luke 13 starts with Jesus receiving news about Pontius Pilate killing a group of people from Galilee. May the example of God's saints be blessed to those among whom they live; and may his grace flow from heart to heart, until the little one becomes a thousand. Go tell him I neither fly from him nor fear him, but Jerusalem is the prophets' slaughter-house.". Christ knew that this ruler had a real enmity to him and to his gospel, and that he did but cloak it with a pretended zeal for the sabbath day; he really would not have them be healed any day; but if Jesus speaks the word, and puts forth his healing power, sinners are set free. Ah! She had gotten used to looking at people out of the corner of her eye, by looking up and sideways. 3 I tell you, no! The judgment of the great day will convince unbelievers; but let us learn thankfully to welcome, and to profit by all who come in the name of the Lord, to call us to partake of his great salvation. 14. with indignation--not so much at the sabbath violation as at the glorification of Christ. The placement fits perfectly in the narrative as it immediately follows the genealogy of Jesus and precedes the beginning of ministry of Jesus. WOMAN OF EIGHTEEN YEAR'S INFIRMITY HEALED ON THE SABBATH. The supposed allusion to the duration of our Lord's ministry is precarious. said unto them--the multitude; taking no notice of the man or his question, save as furnishing the occasion of a solemn warning not to trifle with so momentous a matter as "salvation.". Luke 13:19 "It is like a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and cast into his garden; and it grew, and waxed a great tree; and the fowls of the air lodged in the branches of it." The motives of those who told our Lord of the event we are left to conjecture. Words in boxes are from the Bible. 18-21. mustard seed . Ask not, How many shall be saved? Of its fall nothing is known. He cautioned his hearers not to blame great sufferers, as if they were therefore to be accounted great sinners. 24. 13. This cure represents the work of Christ's grace upon the soul. Section 84. fruit, well--Genuine repentance, however late, avails to save ( Luke 23:42 Luke 23:43 ). Here is the progress of the gospel foretold in two parables, as in Matthew 13. 6-9. fig tree--Israel, as the visible witness of God in the world, but generally all within the pale of the visible Church of God; a familiar figure (compare Isaiah 5:1-7 John 15:1-8 , &c.). 13 Now there were some present at that time who told Jesus about the Galileans whose blood Pilate had mixed with their sacrifices. . Galileans--possibly the followers of Judas of Galilee, who, some twenty years before this, taught that Jews should not pay tribute to the Romans, and of whom we learn, from Acts 5:37 , that he drew after him a multitude of followers, who on his being slain were all dispersed. dig, &c.--loosen the earth about it and enrich it with manure; pointing to changes of method in the divine treatment of the impenitent, in order to freshen spiritual culture. Journeying toward Jerusalem - Luke represents all that is said, from Luk 9:51, as having been done and spoken while Christ was on his last journey to Jerusalem. 2 And Jesus answering said unto them, Suppose ye that these Galilaeans were sinners above all the Galilaeans, because they suffered such things? He does not say, I preach the Gospel--that would have made little impression upon Herod--in the light of the merciful character of Christ's actions the malice of Herod's snares is laid bare [BENGEL]. 13. But let none despond either as to themselves or others, for there are last who shall be first, and first who shall be last. for many . Jesus said, "Repent or you will perish." taught in our streets--Do we not remember listening in our own streets to Thy teaching? And Jesus answering said unto them, Suppose you that these Galileans were sinners above all the Galileans, because they suffered such things? This woman came to Christ to be taught, and to get good to her soul, and then he relieved her bodily infirmity. This is directed to each of us; it is, Strive ye. But he shall say, No nearness of external communion with Christ will avail at the great day, in place of that holiness without which no man shall see the Lord. . This passage divides into two parts, verses 1-5 and verses 6-9. Observe the style which Christ intimates that He will then assume, that of absolute Disposer of men's eternal destinies, and contrast it with His "despised and rejected" condition at that time. As no place or employment can secure from the stroke of death, we should consider the sudden removals of others as warnings to ourselves. I must be out of Herod's jurisdiction for that. 14 And the ruler of the synagogue answered with indignation, because that Jesus had healed on the sabbath day, and said unto the people, There are six days in which men ought to work: in them therefore come and be healed, and not on the sabbath day. came and sought fruit--a heart turned to God; the fruits of righteousness; compare Matthew 21:33 Matthew 21:34 , and Isaiah 5:2 , "He looked that it should bring forth fruit"; He has a right to it, and will require it. 25. master of the house is risen up and hath shut to the door--awfully sublime and vivid picture! He said, "Seek the narrow door. Yet it is, without doubt, for awakening all that enjoy the means of grace, and the privileges of the visible church. This woman came to Christ to be taught, and to get good to her soul, and then he relieved her bodily infirmity. Luke 13:23. luk 13:23 At any rate, they gave Him an opportunity of speaking to them about their own souls. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. THE PARABLE OF THE BARREN FIG TREE. Luke: The Man Christ Jesus.